World Poverty Statistics Exist Worldwide
World poverty is an issue that affects the entire world to some extent or another regardless of whether it is present in developed or developing nations. It is a harsh reality to accept that almost 3 billion around the world, almost half of the world’s population live in relative poverty without access to better employment opportunities and hence the chance for a better lifestyle. The statistics that represent world poverty is quite alarming when readers analyze the immense disparities in terms of the distribution of wealth in practically all nations around the world. Other world poverty statistics give an insight to the increase of poverty across the globe, especially in emergent nations and the aggravating social problems caused by this emergence.
The first section that world poverty statistics analyze is the number of children in poverty worldwide. Estimates represent that out of 2.2 billion children in the world; almost 1 billion of them live in poverty. A large portion of these children are condemned with harsh living conditions, constant hunger, lack of access to safe water and the inability to go to school from an early age. Some truly alarming statistics regarding world poverty is the number of children who die every day from poverty-caused conditions. In just one day, estimates show that over 30,000 children die from starvation, disease, hunger, malnutrition and other inadequate living conditions. In less than one year, there are approximately 10 million children who die from these conditions all over the world, Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia being the most affected and most vulnerable regions.
Another section that world poverty statistics study is the level of income among those most impoverished worldwide. Statistics represent that more than 1.5 billion people live with less than $1.25 per day; this is the international poverty line considered extreme global poverty. To aggravate this scenario, numerous studies have proved that over 3 billion people, almost half of the world’s population live with less than $2.00 per day, a threshold considered relative poverty within international standards. The statistics would show that over half the world lives in poverty which is nothing short of astounding.
What has been remarkably misunderstood is that the 50% of the population that does not live in poverty live within low incomes that do not guarantee a higher standard of living. This is especially true in developing nations throughout the world. The uneven distribution of wealth is so massive and clearly visible to the point where a small minority that represents less than 5% of the population control all the wealth from their respective countries. When taken to a global basis and context, the poorest 40% of the population receive 5% of the income; whereas the richest 20% receive 75% of the world’s income.
World Poverty Statistics
The third segment that world poverty analyzes are the statistics representing the number of people with adequate access to living essentials such as education, sanitation, healthcare, and food security. There are approximately 72 million children who are out of the school system in their native homelands throughout the world. This alarming statistic is due to the poor educational infrastructure in these countries, lack of teachers, educators and other professionals willing to educate children for extremely incompetent and low salaries. Those 72 million children would be the equivalent of all school-aged children in Europe and North America combined.
Statistical tests have determined that as children grow in poverty and without formal education, they are more susceptible to engaging in illicit activities such as crime, drug trafficking, theft and other means of survival within their own countries. Nations in Africa such as Somalia, Ethiopia and Niger possess a high predominance of young people under age 25 who engage in these activities, thereby causing more internal, economic and social problems within the vicious cycle of poverty and its consequences.
Statistics on Sanitation, Healthcare and Hunger
Experts estimate that by the year 2015, an approximate number of 2.7 billion people worldwide will not have access to basic sanitation. The lack of access for sanitation risks the lives of many people due to a wide number of diseases caused due to the lack of access of sanitation. Public health concerns determine that those individuals without access to sanitation are twice more likely to suffer and die from numerous diseases, parasites and bacteria generated from inadequate sanitation practices.
Impoverished regions around the world also suffer from the lack of access to adequate healthcare. Hospitals, clinics, nurses and other healthcare professionals are in extreme scarcity in these regions, establishing an alarming statistic of 1 doctor for every 100 people. The healthcare infrastructure is undesirable, with much modern medical equipment in scarcity, as well as materials, medications, immunizations, vaccines and other necessary utensils for providing adequate healthcare for all individuals with disease or treatable medical conditions.
HIV/AIDS is the most predominant disease in impoverished nations with a high incidence of inadequate healthcare facilities and services. It is estimate that as of 2013, 35 million people live with HIV/AIDS, in which 1.5 million of these 35 million are children under the age of 15. Sub-Saharan nations in Africa are the most affected in terms of the number of HIV/AIDS diagnosis per capita. An estimated number of 17 million children have lost at least one parent from HIV/AIDS and the statistic of those lose both parents is increasing at incredibly rapid levels.
World hunger is the last section that world poverty statistics studies. As of 2010, there are more than 900 million people in chronic hunger and malnourishment throughout the world. These 900 million people divide heavily within South Asia and Africa while developed nations and Latin America have lower but significant numbers of hungry individuals. Statistics show that 1 out of 7 people around the world are hungry, and this number will increase in the long run with ample economic growth in developing nations.
World poverty statistics show that the ongoing efforts of organizations and governments have reduced extreme poverty in the last 40 years. However, the world needs more efforts to augment the reduction of poverty and put an end to those living in relative poverty. Technological advances in agriculture, food production, economic aid and the improvement of social infrastructure are those key areas that will help alleviate these numbers to minimal levels. The enduring battle to end world poverty remains an extreme challenge in which only statistics will be the helpful lens to determine proper advancement or retraction.